Mealybugs flourish in hot and humid conditions. They can survive the winter on their own, and when it gets warmer again, they go back to infested plants they have already attacked. Mealybugs are not only the most frequent sap-eating pests, but they’re also recognised for transmitting viruses.
They produce a wax-like white, powdery coating that shelters them and protects their eggs as they multiply. It gives them the appearance of a large pile of soft, white cotton. Plants that have mealybugs eating on them appear deformed and feeble. Symptoms include yellowing leaves, curled foliage, and the loss of flowers, buds, and fruits.
1. How to Prevent the Spread of Mealybugs
To begin, keep a close eye on the soil as you plant. Avoid using plantlets that have already been contaminated, and keep a close eye on any fresh plants you bring in.
Examine the Plants Constantly
Bugs might be found early if you inspect your plants frequently. To get rid of the first infestations, use water spurts.
Avoid excessive watering of your plants
Make sure your plants aren’t overwatered or kept constantly wet. As previously mentioned, these bugs multiply more rapidly in moist, humid environments.
It’s possible that pruning can assist get rid of the cotton mass insects, too. Remove any leaves or petioles that appear to be diseased. This will aid in the prevention of their further spread.
Reduce the ant population in your garden or in the areas where your houseplants are kept. Feeding on the sap of plants, mealybugs emit honeydew, which ants use as a primary food source.
Ants defend mealybugs against predators and carry them to new plants. Thus, the infestation grows.